This information was taken from the Maryland Center for Celiac Research website. www.celiaccenter.org/faq.asp
Celiac Disease FAQWhat is Celiac Disease?
What are the symptoms of Celiac Disease?
How common is Celiac Disease?
How is celiac diagnosed?
What are the long-term effects of Celiac Disease?
What is the treatment for Celiac Disease?
What are the recommended blood tests to diagnose CD?
How accurate are the celiac blood tests?
Are the villi permanently damaged in a patient with Celiac Disease?
What is the meaning of HLA DQ2/DQ8?
Is it necessary to have an intestinal biopsy to confirm the diagnosis of Celiac Disease?
Is it necessary to have an intestinal biopsy to confirm the diagnosis of Dermatitis Herpetiformis (DH)?
If a diabetic goes on a gluten-free diet, will their diabetes improve?
Can a person with Celiac Disease on gluten-free diet give blood?
Can a person with Celiac Disease drink wine?
Can I outgrow Celiac Disease?
Do I need to repeat the biopsy once on a gluten-free diet?
Is Celiac Disease a food allergy?
Nearly 1 out of every 133 Americans suffer from celiac disease, according to a study by the University of Maryland Center for Celiac Research in Baltimore. The research indicates that celiac disease is twice as common as Crohn’s disease, ulceric colitis and cystic fibrosis combined.
A blood test is now available to screen for the presence of specific antibodies. A biopsy of the intestine (before beginning a gluten free diet) is needed to make a final diagnosis.
Untreated celiac disease can be life threatening. Celiacs are more likely to be afflicted with problems relating to malabsorption, including osteoporosis, tooth enamel defects, central and peripheral nervous system disease, pancreatic disease, internal hemorrhaging, organ disorders (gall bladder, liver, and spleen), and gynecological disorders. Untreated celiac disease has also been linked an increased risk of certain types of cancer, especially intestinal lymphoma.
There are no drugs to treat celiac disease and there is no cure. But celiacs can lead normal, healthy lives by following a gluten free diet. This means avoiding all products derived from wheat, rye, and barley.
You will not outgrow the disease since celiac disease is now considered to be an autoimmune disorder like diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis.
Celiac Disease is not a food allergy; rather it is an autoimmune disease. Food allergies, including wheat allergy, are conditions that people can grow out of. This is not the case with celiac disease.
tTG-IgA or tissue transglutaminase-IgA
AGA-IgG or Antigliadin IgG
AGA-IgA or Antigliadin IGA
The presence of tTG antibodies is highly suggestive of CD, while AGA can be elevated also in cases of wheat allergy.